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Remembering the Korean War
Korea,   an   Asian   peninsula   of   mountains   and   valleys,   was divided after World War II.   The   United   States   occupied   the   territory   below   the   38th parallel   and   the   Soviet   Union   occupied   the   territory   above   the 38th   parallel.      While   the   plan   was   unification   of   the   country, both sides proceeded to build regimes. The     United     States     supported     the     70-year-old     anti- communist   Syngman   Rhee   in   the   South   while   the   Soviet   Union supported the 33-year-old Kim Il Sung in the North. Division   of   Korea   was   formalized   in   1948.   The   Republic   of Korea,   under   Rhee   and   supported   by   the   United   States   and   the United   Nations,   emerged   in   the   South;   the   Democratic   People’s Republic   of   Korea   [DPRK],   under   Kim   and   supported   by   the Soviet Union and China, emerged in the North. The   United   States   and   the   Soviet   Union   withdrew   their troops   in   1948;   however,   border   tensions   escalated   throughout 1949 and early 1950. On   June   25,   1950,   the   North   invaded   South   Korea.   The United   Nations   demanded   withdrawal   of   the   North   from   the South and pledged support as necessary to the South.