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The Pacific War Ends August 14, 1945
On August 6, 1945, the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, a city of over 100,000 people. A third of the city was destroyed, the rest lay in ruins. Three days later, a second bomb totally destroyed the port of Nagasaki. The Japanese government sued for peace on the following day and, on August 14, 1945, Japan accepted the Allied terms of unconditional surrender. With victory in Europe secured, the Allied leaders had prepared for the final struggle in the Pacific. Nearly 80,000 Canadians volunteered to join the Pacific forces and began concentrating at nine stations across Canada in July 1945. Canadian naval participation was to provide sixty ships, manned by 13,500 men. However, the war was over before this help was needed. Preparing for the Pacific Force - Yarmouth NS After East Camp was closed on March 30, 1945 and West Camp was winding down, Yarmouth was the home of a training squadron of operational Lancaster Bomber aircraft. The first unit of this group flew into Yarmouth in June of 1945 with Lancaster B Mk X’s which they had ferried from England. They were to be part of 661 Heavy Bomber Wing of Tiger Force, for Pacific operations and were designated #6 (RCAF) Group. Crews immediately took a month leave. Personnel began returning from leave at the end of July, but their units were still being reorganized. Station Yarmouth was still furnishing the quarters of the force in early August, and the training that commenced on August 8 consisted of preliminary lectures amd there was still no flying practice. Crews were to train at several Maritime locations on Lancaster X’s which had been on operations in England a short time before. The Group was to have been operational on Lincolns, a sleek version of the Lancaster, in the Pacific by December, 1945. However the dropping of the Atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the cessation of hostilities with Japan negated the use of the plan and Tiger Force Yarmouth was disbanded on September 5, 1945 Yarmouth NS and Victory in Japan - August 14-15 1945 For the Town of Yarmouth in Nova Scotia the “big JV Day” was on Wednesday. August 15th. Peace was declared during the evening of Tuesday, August 14. Mae Brown wrote in her diary “We had been looking for that announcement ever since Sunday night, everyone just glued to their radios”. On Tuesday night she had received a call from a women suggesting police protection would be needed for the Red Triangle Canteen at the YMCA. “I fairly insulted her, so I was happy the boys behaved so beautifully. A lot of them were drunk but so respectful it was pitiful. I even got my share of victory kisses. The people of Yarmouth celebrated in a small way.” But at the Red Triangle Canteen Mae Brown conducted more drunk lads up and down the stairs all day long. “Only once did I verge onto real trouble. He was a returned man who was crawling up the stairs, he resented being seen, so he took hold of me and said, ‘I don’t like you or anything about you’. I said, I’m so sorry. I feel bad when the boys do not like me, but I like you. He said, ‘Is that so, well perhaps you’re not so bad. Take my arm and we will parade before everyone.’ I did, so that disaster was averted.” The older woman taking cash in the canteen that night encountered one of the older men who said to her, “I wish I had married you. I can see your head on my pillow now, you old battle axe!. That women would tell the story many time later. The red Triangle Canteen would continue operating until November 16, 1945. The Red Triangle Canteen had its official closing on that evening. “About two hundred and twenty-five Yarmouth ladies would be present. Some twenty have faithfully served the servicemen for the five years that the Canteen has been functioning. Hundreds of thousands of men for all parts of the world had sought the hospitality offered at the Red Triangle Club …” (Mae Brown)
Lancasters from 419 and 428 Squadron at Yarmouth, NS after returning from Europe.
Nova Scotia Casualties in the Far East and Pacific Campaigns Thirty-seven with connection to Nova Scotia would make the ultimate sacrifice fighting in the Far East and the Pacific Campaign. They are remember on Memorials and in Cemeteries in Hong Kong, Burma (Myanmar), Japan, Australia, Philippines, Singapore, Hawaii, Sri Lanka, India, and Bangladesh.
Rifleman Warrant Officer Class II Rifleman Captain Rifleman Rifleman Captain Rifleman Warrant Officer Class II Corporal Warrant Officer Class II Signalman Flight Lieutenant Staff Sergeant Rifleman Technician 5th Grade Lieutenant Rifleman Rifleman Pilot Officer Rifleman Private Rifleman Flying Officer Rifleman Pilot Officer Rifleman Rifleman Warrant Officer Class II Lieutenant Lance Sergeant Rifleman Rifleman Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Flying Officer Rifleman
Royal Rifles of Canada Royal Canadian Air Force Royal Rifles of Canada 7th Rajput Regiment Royal Rifles of Canada Royal Rifles of Canada SS Yarmouth, US Merchant Navy Royal Rifles of Canada Royal Canadian Air Force United States Marine Corps Royal Canadian Army Pay Corps Royal Canadian Corps of Signals 215 RAF Squadron, RCAF 182nd Infantry Regiment, US Army Royal Rifles of Canada 776th Amp.Tank Battalion, US Army Royal Artillery Royal Rifles of Canada Royal Rifles of Canada Royal Canadian Air Force Royal Rifles of Canada Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps Royal Rifles of Canada 357 RAF Squadron, RCAF Royal Rifles of Canada 117 Squadron, RCAF Royal Rifles of Canada Royal Rifles of Canada Royal Canadian Air Force HMS Formidable; RCNVR Winnipeg Grenadiers Royal Rifles of Canada Royal Rifles of Canada Royal Canadian Air Force 160 RAF Squadron, RCAF Royal Canadian Air Force Royal Rifles of Canada
Sai Wan Memorial, Hong Kong, China Taukkyan War Cemetery, Burma Sai Wan Memorial, Hong Kong, China Taukkyan War Cemetery, Burma Yokohama War Cemetery, Japan Sai Wan War Cemetery, Hong Kong, China National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific, Hawaii Yokohama War Cemetery, Japan Kandy War Cemetery, Sri Lanka Manila American Cemetery, Philippines Yokohama War Cemetery, Japan Woombye Cemetery, Queensland, Australia Singapore Memorial Manila American Cemetery, Philippines Yokohama War Cemetery, Japan Oak Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, Missouri, US Taukkyan War Cemetery, Burma Sai Wan War Cemetery, Hong Kong, China Sai Wan Memorial, Hong Kong, China Singapore Memorial Sai Wan Memorial, Hong Kong, China Sai Wan Memorial, Hong Kong, China Sai Wan Memorial, Hong Kong, China Chittagong War Cemetery, Bangladesh Sai Wan Memorial, Hong Kong, China Chittagong War Cemetery, Bangladesh Yokohama War Cemetery, Japan Yokohama War Cemetery, Japan Taukkyan War Cemetery, Burma Halifax Memorial Yokohama War Cemetery, Japan Yokohama War Cemetery, Japan Sai Wan War Cemetery, Hong Kong, China Singapore Memorial Singapore Memorial Kirkee War Cemetery, India Yokohama War Cemetery, Japan
Pictou Cumberland Shelburne Cumberland Kings Cumberland Yarmouth Lunenburg Cape Breton Lunenburg Halifax Halifax Cape Breton Yarmouth/ Yarmouth Cumberland Halifax Colchester Cape Breton Cape Breton Halifax Halifax Inverness Kings Kings Shelburne Guysborough Cumberland Halifax Guysborough Colchester Halifax/Queens Guysborough Cumberland Antigonish Digby Inverness
NAME RANK SERVICE CEMETERY?MEMORIAL NS CONNECTION
Peter Wiens (back row on right) and crew members in Yarmouth, NS after flying from Middleton-St-George, England